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Economic Costs of Alcohol Impaired Driving

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Economic Costs of Alcohol Impaired Driving

The costs of alcohol impaired driving affect more people than just the driver or even the victim. It affects the entire nation's population in more and bigger ways than you might have expected.

  • Alcohol is a factor in 26% of the United States' crash costs. Alcohol-related crashes in the United States cost the public an estimated $114.3 billion in 2000, including $51.1 billion in monetary costs and an estimated $63.2 billion in quality of life losses. Alcohol-related crashes are deadlier and more serious than other crashes. People other than the drinking driver paid $71.6 billion of the alcohol-related crash bill.

  • Alcohol-involved crashes resulted in 16,792 fatalities, 513,000 nonfatal injuries, and $50.9 billion in economic costs in 2000, accounting for 22 % of all crash costs.

  • Costs for crashes involving a driver or non-occupant with a blood alcohol content of .10 % or greater (the legal definition in most states), accounted for 75 % of the total of all alcohol-involved crash costs.

  • The impact of alcohol involvement increases with injury severity. Alcohol-involved crashes accounted for 10 % of property damage only (PDO) crash costs, 21 % of nonfatal injury crash costs; and 46 % of fatal injury crash costs.

  • Crashes in which alcohol was the cause resulted in 13,570 fatalities, over 360,000 nonfatal injuries, and nearly $40 billion in economic costs. This is approximately 80 % of the alcohol-related fatalities and 78 % of costs. It represents 32 % of all fatalities and 17 % of all costs from motor vehicle crashes. 1

  • Costs per Alcohol-Related Injury

    • The average alcohol-related fatality in the United States costs $3.5 million:

      • $1.1 million in monetary costs
      • $2.4 million in quality of life losses

    • The estimated cost per injured survivor of an alcohol-related crash averaged $99,000

      • $49,000 in monetary costs
      • $50,000 in quality of life losses

  • Crash costs per Mile Driven in the United States averaged:

    • $5.80 per mile driven at BACs of .10 and above
    • $2.50 per mile driven at BACs between .08-.09
    • $0.10 per mile driven at BACs of .00

  • Costs per Drink
    The societal costs of alcohol-related crashes in the United States averaged $1.00 per drink consumed. People other than the drinking driver paid $0.60 per drink.

  • Impact on Auto Insurance Rates
    Alcohol-related crashes accounted for an estimated 18% of the $103 billion in U.S. auto insurance payments. Reducing alcohol-related crashes by 10% would save $1.8 billion in claims payments and loss adjustment expenses.

  • Estimated 2000 Economic Costs Per State Due to Motor Vehicle Crashes 2

Resources:

1. National Highway and Traffic Safety Administration. Economic Impact of Motor Vehicle Crashes 2000. Summary. Retrieved On January 28, 20003 from the World Wide Web: http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/people/economic/econimpact2000/summary.htm

2. National Highway and Traffic Safety Administration. Economic Impact of Motor Vehicle Crashes 2000. State Costs. Retrieved On January 28, 20003 from the World Wide Web: http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/people/economic/econimpact2000/state_costs.htm